Wednesday, 21 June 2017


The public exhibition period for the codes and regulations associated with the  NSW  government’s deeply unpopular Biodiversity Conservation and Local Land Services Amendment Acts ended on June 21.  

The National Parks Association of NSW (NPA) is urging the government to close loopholes and rein in self-assessable codes in order to salvage some protections for NSW’s beleaguered flora and fauna.


NPA CEO Kevin Evans said: “These laws have been, from the very beginning, a political witch hunt.

“A small group of rogue agribusinesses were hell bent on striking down the Native Vegetation Act in order to perform a modern equivalent of slash and burn agriculture.

“We’ve seen shocking allegations in the media about political interference in land clearing investigations; images of burning vegetation thought to be illegally cleared and even witnessed the murder of a compliance officer from the Office of Environment and Heritage who was investigating land clearing.

“It’s from these murky depths that the new laws have surfaced. So it’s no shock they’re not fit for purpose.”

NPA Senior Ecologist, Dr Oisín Sweeney said: “If the government’s serious about protecting the environment, we (as members of the Stand up for Nature Alliance)  have made some recommendations that will make a big difference.

“The Equity Code should be scrapped because it permits broad-scale land clearing. This was never intended in the original review of biodiversity legislation and is a key reason Professor Hugh Possingham resigned from the independent panel.

“The Farm Plan Code should be scrapped because this permits the clearing of paddock trees and woodland patches that are vital havens of biodiversity throughout the sheep-wheat belt. It also places the entire onus of identifying ecological communities onto farmers which is just not fair.

“Exclusions from code-based clearing must apply to vulnerable and endangered ecological communities and species, not just critically endangered.

“The Travelling Stock Route network should immediately be declared an Area of Outstanding Biodiversity Value in recognition of its importance both to nature conservation and cultural heritage.

“And the implementation of the entire scheme must be delayed until critical missing pieces of the puzzle are finalised and exhibited. These include the maps, the government’s koala strategy, the grasslands assessment method, the biodiversity conservation investment strategy and the new Vegetation State Environment Planning Policy.

“Importantly, Local Land Services must conclude recruitment and staff training well before implementation. As the primary front line agency implementing these reforms, failing to ensure they’re prepared will result in serious but avoidable problems and a lack of transparency.

“Turning on the legislation before all the pieces are in place is asking for confusion and inviting mistakes.”

Sunday, 18 June 2017


These days we often hear about pollution in its various forms but another form of pollution – light pollution - is a  problem which many people are not aware of.  Light pollution is gaining increasing attention from astronomers, environmentalists and people who wish to reduce energy consumption.

What is light pollution?  The International Dark Sky Association  defines it as the inappropriate or excessive use of artificial light. There are four components of light pollution - glare, skyglow, light trespass and clutter.

Glare is excessive brightness that causes visual discomfort and skyglow is the light halo over inhabited areas.  Light trespass occurs where light falls where it is not intended or needed and clutter happens where groupings of light sources produce a bright, confusing effect.

The Dark Sky Association points out that much outdoor lighting used at night is inefficient, unnecessarily bright, poorly targeted and not properly shielded which means it is spilling into the sky rather than doing the job it was intended for.  This of course means that much of the electricity used to create it is being wasted.

According to a 2016 study, 80% of the world’s population lives under skyglow.  Major population centres like the United States and Europe are heavily impacted.  There 99% of people are unable to experience natural night.

While skyglow away from our major cities is not as bad as in Europe, the US and Asia, we are still affected by it. Even in comparatively small population centres like Grafton we do not see the night sky in all its glory. If you visit areas in western NSW away from towns and look at the night sky on a cloudless night, you are likely to be amazed at the clarity of the heavens and immense number of stars.

Light pollution is not a concern merely because of aesthetics and the need to conserve energy.  It has impacts on human health and disrupts ecosystems and wildlife – effects which will be discussed in a future “Voices of the Earth” column.

For more information in the meantime, check the Dark Sky website - 
 - Leonie Blain

This article was originally published in the VOICES FOR THE EARTH column in The Daily Examiner on June 5, 2017.    

Sunday, 11 June 2017


The tenth annual ReWeavers Awards dinner was held in Grafton on June 2 in the lead up to World Environment Day.  These awards recognise the valuable contribution individuals have made to environmental protection over many years. 
This year’s recipients were Bill Noonan and Phil Redpath of Grafton and Bob Friederich of Canberra (formerly of Grafton).

Bill Noonan joined the newly-formed Clarence Valley Conservation Coalition (CVCC) in 1988 and was very active in the successful campaign to prevent the establishment of a chemical pulp mill on the Clarence River.  He later became CVCC president, a position he held for 16 years. Bill has participated in many environmental campaigns and has been an articulate advocate for the natural environment over many years.

As an ecologist working for the NSW Government, Phil Redpath achieved large wins for conservation and improved the understanding of several threatened species and vegetation communities.  Along with botanist John Benson, he redefined our understanding of the state of the Australian bush at the time of colonisation, fire ecology and the Aboriginal use of fire.

As an officer of the National Parks and Wildlife Service from 1979, Bob Friederich made a major contribution to the establishment of the service in this area during a period of great change and increasing environmental awareness. As a planning co-ordinator and later as Manager of Grafton District, Bob served for 21 years on the North Coast before transferring to the Northern Tablelands as Regional Manager for five years.

The ReWeavers Certificates were present by Clarence Valley Mayor, Councillor Jim Simmons.

Mayor Jim Simmons, Bill Noonan, Phil Redpath, Bob Friederich  Photo: J Edwards